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There are a variety of terms that are used in the trucking industry that are not used anywhere else. Here are a few of the more common terms used by truckers and trucking companies.
A Dedicated Run is a specific delivery route that changes very little over time.
The receiver. The company taking in your freight. The place you deliver your load to.
A Rider Policy is a specific policy your company has that determines which non-employees may ride in the truck with you. Typically, family members of certain ages are allowed to accompany the driver on trips.
Owner Operators own the truck they drive, and are responsible for covering all expenses related to the truck. This includes paying for the truck, fuel, maintenance, etc. Owner operators often make a higher per mile rate, but the also have very high costs and risks. It is usually recommended that new drivers start as a company driver before they jump into an owner operator situation.
Company Drivers are employees of a trucking company and earn a per mile wage based on the total miles they drive. Company drivers are not responsible for truck expenses, and therefore have less risk than owner operators.
Drop & Hook
Drop and Hook refers to dropping off an empty trailer at a receiver and picking up a pre-loaded trailer. This saves a great deal of time for the driver and allows them to get back on the road much faster.
No Touch means the driver does not have to unload any of the cargo.
Deadhead means you are pulling an empty trailer to your next loading location. Many trucking companies pay different rates for loaded and deadhead miles. The amount of deadhead miles is an important consideration because it may significantly impact a driverís pay.
Home Time Policy
Many trucking companies, from small to large, have what is referred to as a home time policy. This policy describes how many days a driver will receive at home after being out on the road. For example, a trucking company may have a 2 week out 2 days at home policy. This means that after a driver is on the road for 2 weeks, they will receive 2 days at home. There are many variations on home time policies, so it is best to check with a specific company to find out exactly what their policy is.