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The Department of Transportation or DOT mandates minimal physical qualifications to work as a truck driver. Once you pass a medical examination, you will be issued a medical examiners certificate that indicates you have met these minimal requirements.
The main conditions you must meet to be certified as a truck driver include:
- You must have 20/40 correctable vision in each eye. Glasses or contact lenses are permitted.
- You cannot be a diabetic on needle-injected insulin; diabetes controlled through a diet or oral medication is permitted.
- Your blood pressure must be under 160/100. Prescription medication to control blood pressure is permitted.
- Your blood sugar level must be under 200.
- Use of a Schedule 1 drug, amphetamine, narcotic or any other habit forming drug is not permitted.
- If you have a current diagnosis of cardiac insufficiency, collapse, congestive cardiac failure or any other cardiovascular disease you will be required to provide the Medical Examiner with a stress test from within the last 12 months along with a release from your physician stating that you can drive a commercial motor vehicle without restrictions.
Drug testing is also required in most cases. The DOT drug screen will detect the usage of illegal narcotic drugs including marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines, opiates and phencyclidine (PCP). Most truck driving schools will as about your physical health before you are enrolled.